||Pioneer 1847 Companies
Reading Level Key: -Easy
1841-1850: Immigration, Great Britain
- Summary of Church organization to bring converts from the Great
Britain to Nauvoo, then to Salt Lake City
1847: April 5 Monday - Six Wagons Slowly
Began Epic Journey
- Monday. Five wagons begin the trek west after much religious
1847: April 6 Tuesday - The Trek West Paused
for Annual Conference.
- Seventeenth Annual Conference of the church where Brigham Young
is sustained as President of the church.
1847: April 7 Wednesday - One by One, Four
Small Groups of Wagons Headed for the Prairie.
- Small groups of wagons begin the trek west, many leaving behind
1847: April 8 Thursday - Several Small Parties
Join on Prairie to Form Large Group.
- Small groups of wagons band together. Brigham Young visits with
Parley P. Pratt.
1847: April 9 Friday - Largest Group Waited
for Brigham Young
- A group of 64 pioneer wagons finally head through a swampy
area towards the Elkhorn river.
1847: April 10 Saturday - Food was Scarce
and Any Creek an Obstacle.
- The Pioneers cross the Elkhorn river. Wood from trees is sparse,
so campfires are hard to come by.
1847: April 11 Sunday - By Late Afternoon,
72 Wagons had Ferried 'The Horn'
- The rest of the wagons cross the river and then stop to observe
1847: April 12 Monday - Brigham and Seven
Apostles Left the Company
- The main group travels 14 miles to reach the banks of the Platte
river and set up camp. They will send scouts ahead on the prarie.
1847: April 14 Wednesday - Four yelling
Indians were cause for delay
- William Clayton added to the group at the last minute. A rain
storm soaks the groups.
1847: April 15 Thursday - Now it was time
to face west with a single objective
- Brigham says to cease from all music, dance, and light-mindedness.
Nine rules are set. Groups of fifty set for sentry duty.
1847: April 16 Friday - Company organized,
and rule are reviewed
- Group reminded of the rules and organized into groups of ten.
Started out at 3:00 p.m.
1847: April 17 Saturday - Pioneers awoke
to ice oil water buckets, traveled only 7 miles
- Stopped at noon and enjoyed violin music after dinner.
1847: April 18 Sunday - A welcome rest day,
and an opportunity to send mail back
- A light snow fell. Reading time. Livestock rested. Ox injured.
1847: April 19 Monday - Wagons on the move
down all easy corridor
- Rockwell brings fishooks, fishing line, and three pencils. Fishing
by boat during the evening.
1847: April 20 Tuesday - Chase for deer
failed, but fishermen succeeded
- More thae 200 fish caught. Clayton's bad tooth yanked out.
1847: April 21 Wednesday - Pawnees paid
visit to collect tribute, handshakes for all
- Gifts of tobacco, fishooks, flour, and salt to the Pawnees.
Extra guards. Heavy rain - bad weather.
1847: April 22 Thursday - Sleeping guards
were taught lesson by a joke
- Sentries posted. Beaver Creek forded. Ropes with 12 men needed
for the steep creek bank.
1847: April 23 Friday - He found a way
to recoup his final paycheck
- Pulling wagons by rope. Two rafts built. Six men stranded in
1847: April 24 Saturday - Fording Loup
Fork was a tiring endeavor
- Unloaded half the baggage in each wagon to ford the Loup. Saw
Jupiter's rings through a telescope.
1847: April 25 Sunday - These Sunday rests
actually gained time
- No travel this Sunday to rest oxen.
1847: April 26 Monday - Alert guards prevented
Indian raid on horses
- Sherwood elected as 'chief grumbler.' Two more horses lost.
1847: April 27 Tuesday - It was slow traveling
over dry sand ridges
- Left Loup River. Animals suffer from lack of water. Loaded guns
are dangerous. Horse theft.
1847: April 28 Wednesday - Some were up
early, preparing trail for company
- Forded Prairie Creek. Neared Platte River. Trail very dusty.
1847: April 29 Thursday - The bugler roused
the camp for an early morning start
- Need to find feed for livestock. Horses sick from lack of water.
1847: April 30 Friday - Travel was easy
this day, but weather caused suffering
- Level prairie with buffalo grass. Cooking with buffalo chips.
Wind and dust. Dancing to keep warm.
1847: May 1 Saturday - And finally, the
first buffalo were sighted
- Buffalo are sighted. Eleven hunters chosen for a 3 hour chase.
Companies of 10 get the meat divided among them.
1847: May 2 Sunday - Missing 'Nimrod' returned
safely in morning
- Hancock, who is lame and missing after the hunt, returns unharmed.
Indians set fire to the grass ahead.
1847: May 3 Monday - Indian scare alarmed
pioneer hunting party
- Scouts ride ahead to find best path. Mule gets away. Cannon
shot to warn Indians.
1847: May 4 Tuesday - Brigham counseled camp
- Wagons travel 5 abreast. Vote to stay on north bank of river.
1847: May 5 Wednesday - Platte island provided
safety from fires that devastated area
- Five more buffalo shot. Move to island to avoid fire.
1847: May 6 Thursday - A timely light shower
dampened prairie fires
- Rain. Grass hard to find. Slow travel. Brigham loses spyglass.
1847: May 7 Friday - Brigham grouchy over
- Stop the train to retrieve missing glass. Slow travel; animals
suffering from lack of food.
1847: May 8 Saturday - The awesome sight
of Buffalo blackening the prairie on all sides
- Buffalo are somewhat tame. Don't kill what isn't needed. Some
buffalo have died of starvation. One wheel revolution is 1/360
of a mile.
1847: May 9 Sunday - Just keeping clean provided
- Travel for 4 miles on Sabbath because the buffalo had eaten
nearly everything. Harriet Young is sick from the smell of dead
1847: May 10 Monday - They left a letter
for those still to come
- Letter left on top of a post. Journal keeping is important.
Setting fire to old grass. Ground is soft and wet.
1847: May 11 Tuesday - Captured wolf pups
provided caps for men
- Wolf pups killed. Water not good from dead buffalos rotting
in the stream. Wells provided cold, clean water.
1847: May 12 Wednesday - Vast buffalo herds
had just melted away
- Valley of dried bones. Dust with a salt taste that looks like
dirty flour. Abandoned Sioux Indian camp.
1847: May 13 Thursday - Some took time out
to visit Indian village
- Cold called for overcoats. Aaron Farr is too loud during prayer.
Grass is getting better. Sand is hardest to travel in.
1847: April 05-09 The Great Exodus
had a Modest Beginning.
- Summary of April 5 - 9, 1897 as pioneers gathered before the
first wagon train was to leave for the west.
1847: April 10-16 Ferrying Elkhorn
River a Difficult Project
- Summary of April 10 - 16 1847 where pioneers encountered the
first river on the trek from Winter Quarters.
1847: April 17-23 Good Progress Over
the Flat Nebraska Plain
- Each day they pause for an hour's lunch break.
1847: April 24-30 It was a Struggle
to Cross the Loup River
- Buffalo chips fuel. Lack of water hard on livestock. Staying
close to the river.
1847: May 01-07 - Prairie Fires Make
Livestock Feed Scarce
- First buffalo sightings. Prairie fires and rain.
1847: May 8-14 - Thousands of Buffalo
Consumed the Grass
- An ocean of buffalo.
Black Pioneers, 1847
- With the Pioneer Company were three Blacks, Oscar Crosby, Hark
Lay, and Green Flake.
Brigham Young Description
Brooklyn - Sea Emigration, 1846
- Brooklyn - Sea Emigration, 1846. Sam Brannan chartered the
ship "Brooklyn" and led over 200 Mormons to California.
Brown, John, 1846-47 Journal Entries.
- John Brown helped lead the Mississippi Saints to Grand Island,
NE, Ft. Laramie, and Pueblo. He returned home, took 4 blacks to
Winter Quarters (1947), two of which died on the way. He and the
other two came with Brigham Young's "Pioneer Company" in 1847.
He returned to Missssippi and brought his family to Utah in 1848.
Bullock, Thomas, 1847, Return to
- 107 men, 36 wagons, 71 horses and 49 mules, left the Valley
and returned to Winter Quarters in the fall of 1847.
Burton (Coray), Melissa, Mormon Battalion
- One of four women that accompanied the Mormon Battalion all
the way to California. Newly married. Was 18 when she walked to
California. Walked back to Salt Lake City in 1848. Husband died
3 months later. Married William H. Kimball, Heber's oldest son
and managed the stage station at Kimball's Junction (by Park City).
Canal Boats, Lake Boats, and Riverboats
- Making the trek sometimes involved using boats.
Council Bluffs Reached
- Council Bluffs is east of Winter Quarters.
Decker (Little) (Hanks), Harriet
Amelia , 1846 (age 20), Iowa
- Harriet married Edwin S. Little, son of Brigham Young's sister.
Edwin ended up in the frozen Mississippi River while helping move
some of his uncle Brigham's wagons across. He became sick as a
result and died at Richardson's Point, Iowa.
Emmett Company, 1844-1847 (Disobedient
Group, sort of)
- This group left Nauvoo after the death of Joseph Smith (against
the wishes of Church leadership). The group ended up on the Missouri
River above Council Bluffs and was persuaded to return to the
main group in 1847.
Food: Recommended for Trek
- Food items recommended by the "Nauvoo Neighbor" newspaper in
Holt, James, 1844-1846, 1852, Emmett
and other companies
- James Holt was a member of the Emmett Company with 25-30 other
families in 1844. He went to Council Bluffs in 1847 and to Utah
in 1852. He wrote a about other persons, circumstances, and trail
Hunter, Lydia, 1846-47, Mormon Battalion
- One of four women that accompanied the Mormon Battalion all
the way to California
Immigration, 1841-1850, Great Britain
- Overview of Mormon Church organization for immigration from
Great Britain, starting in 1841.
Indian Relations in the Missouri
- Mormon pioneers had good relations with the Omahas Indian tribe.
Kartchner, Wiliam Decatur, 1846-47
(Mississippi Saint, San Bernardino)
- One of the Mississippi Saints. He also wmigrated to San Bernardino
and back to Beaver, Utah. Interesting tidbits.
Mormon Emigrants: 1848-1868 - Y.X.
- Experienced pioneers contracted for a short time to carry mail.
Moses (Davis), Susanna [Susan], 1846-7,
Mormon Battalion Wife and son Daniel
- One of four women that accompanied the Mormon Battalion all
the way to California. Davis County was named after her husband.
Daniel was the youngest person with the Battalion.
Non-Mormons - Pioneer Company, 1847
- Five non-Mormons came with Brigham Young in 1847 (2 Blacks
and 3 Whites).
- The pioneers needed to organize as a group to be successful.
Their Iowa migration helped prepare them for the trek across the
Pioneer Company, 1847, Scientific
Instuments and Observations
- Pioneers tried to be accurate in documenting where, when, and
how far they traveled.
Pioneer Company, 1847, Part I, Winter
Quarters to Kearney, Nebraska
- Pioneers hunted to find meat to eat.
Pioneer Company, 1847, Establishing
a Colony/Returning to Winter Quarters
- Some pioneers were assigned to begin farming as soon as they
got to the Great Salt Lake valley, while others were directed
to return to help the families come west.
Pioneer Company, 1847, Organization
- The first company of mostly men had a great adventure travelling
Pioneer Company, 1847, statistics
- Pioneer Company Statistics (men, women, children, animals)
Preparations for a '49er
- See what a "gold rush" company from New York went through to
make the long journey to Calif. One of the members got sick and
stayed in Salt Lake City to recuperate. He joined the Mormon Church
and died in Utah. That is why we have this account.
Sperry, Charles, 1846, Nauvoo and
- Nauvoo and Mt. Pisgah period described from a young boy's point
of view. His mother and brother died. He had fond memories of
Sperry, Charles, 1847 (age 18), J.M.
Grant Co., Life in Utah (1848)
- His father joined the Church and took most of the family to
Winter Quarters. Before dying there, he asked his family to go
to Utah. Charles did, talked of lost or stampeding oxen, brick
making the first year in the valley and the struggle for food.
Stark, Daniel, 1846 (age 25) - Ship
- Helped build a large home for Sam Brannan, dug gold for Captain
Sutter, emigrated to San Bernardino and back.
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Part II,
Kearney to Fort Laramie
- In the second leg of the first trek, some of the pioneers were
asked leave to run errands while others joined the trek.
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Part III,
Fort Laramie to Fort Bridger
- During the third leg of the trek, the pioneers met Jim Bridger
and quizzed him about the valley of the Great Salt Lake.
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Part IV,
Fort Bridger to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake
- During the final leg of the first trek, the pioneers broke into
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Preparation
- Pioneers prepared by gathering things needed to begin new colonies
in the west, stocking their wagons carefully.
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Staging
- The original trek started in small bunches with pioneers hurrying
back and forth from their homes and families to the wagon train.
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Trail/Divisions
- The Mormon trail can be divided into 4 main sections.
The Pioneer Trek of 1847 - Trek Begins
- Monday, April 19, 1847 was the official beginning date of the
Trek Commences - Difficulties - Skills
- Migrating an entire community took much careful planning, organization
skills, and willing followers.
Western Maps Consulted by the Mormons
- Pioneers studied maps very carefully before deciding which
route to use as the Mormon trail.
Western Travel Accounts Consulted
by the Mormons
- Mormon leaders did their homework before setting out for the
west. The studied books written about the terrain and landmarks
they would encounter along the way.
Western Travelers Consulted by the
- Mormon trail leaders consulted with mountain men including
Jim Bridger as they made their way along the trail.
Winter Quarters Abandoned
- After the initial migration from Winter Quarters in 1847, the
settlement was quickly abandoned.
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