Pioneer 1847 Companies
1847: Friday, April 16 - Company organized,
and rule are reviewed
After breakfast, Brigham Young called the Mormon pioneer company
together once again to organize for the trek and to remind them
of the rules adopted for safety and discipline.
Norton Jacob said the president issued a stern admonition to the
assembled group, saying that if any do not like to obey the necessary
rules, without murmuring, they should "turn back now."
Bishop Newell K. Whitney, who had accompanied the pioneers thus
far, but was scheduled to return to Winter Quarters, also spoke
and promised he would do all he could "to help the families
of those who are going."
After some remarks by several other speakers, Brigham had the
company count off and nominate their officers. The pioneers were
formed into two divisions, with Stephen Markham and Albert P. Rockwood
as leaders. Rockwood, 41, was a former general in the Nauvoo Legion.
He later became the first warden of the territorial prison.
The pioneers were further organized into groups of 10, each with
a captain. The groups, although they would change in some respects
before the trip was over, were recorded as follows this day:
- First 10: Wilford Woodruff, captain;
Jacob D. Burnham, Joseph Egbert, Marcus B. Thorpe, George Wardle,
John S. Fowler, Orson Pratt, John M. Freeman, George A. Smith.
- Second 10: Ezra T. Benson, captain;
Thomas Grover, Barnabas L. Adams, Roswell Stevens, Amasa M. Lyman,
Sterling Driggs, Albert Carrington, Thomas Bullock, George Brown,
Willard Richards, Jesse C. Little.
- Third 10: Phineas H. Young, captain;
John Y. Green, Thomas Tanner, Brigham Young, Addison Everett,
Truman O. Angell, Lorenzo D. Young, Briant Stringham, Albert P.
Rockwood, Joseph S. Schofield.
- Fourth 10: Luke S. Johnson, captain;
John Holman, Edmund Ellsworth, Sidney Alvarus Hanks, George R.
Grant, Millen Atwood, Samuel Fox, Tunis Rappleye, Harvey Pierce,
William Dykes, Jacob Weiler.
- Fifth 10: Stephen H. Goddard, captain;
Tarlton Lewis, Henry G. Sherwood, Zebeedee Coltrin, Sylvester
H. Earl, John Dixon, Samuel H. Marble, George Scholes, William
Henrie, William A. Empey.
- Sixth 10: Charles Shumway, captain;
Andrew Shumway, Thomas Woolsey, Chauncey Loveland, Erastus Snow,
James Craig, William Wardsworth, William Vance, Simeon Howd, Seeley
- Seventh 10: James Case, captain;
Artemas Johnson, William C.A. Smoot, Franklin B. Dewey, William
Carter, Franklin G. Losee, Burr Frost, Horace Datus Ensign, B.
Franklin Stewart, Monroe Frink, Eric Glines, Ozro Eastman.
- Eighth 10: Seth Taft, captain; Horace
Thornton, Stephen Kelsey, John Eldgredge, Charles Barnum, Almon
Williams, Rufus Allen, Robert T. Thomas, James W. Stewart, Elijah
Newman, Levi Kendall, Francis Boggs, David Grant.
- Ninth 10: Howard Egan, captain; Heber
C. Kimball, William A. King, Thomas Cloward, Hosea Cushing, Robert
Baird, George Billings, Edson Whipple, Philo Johnson, William
- Tenth 10: Appleton M. Harmon, captain;
Carlos Murray, Horace K. Whitney, Orson K. Whitney, Orrin P. Rockwell,
Nathaniel T. Brown, R. Jackson Redden, John Pack, Francis Pomeroy,
Aaron Farr, Nathaniel Fairbanks.
- Eleventh 10: John S. Higbee, captain;
John Wheeler, Solomon Chamberlain, Conrad Kleinman, Joseph Rooker,
Ferry Fitzgerald, John H. Tippets, James Davenport, Henson Walker,
- Twelfth 10: Norton Jacob, captain;
Charles A. Harper, George Woodward, Stephen Markham, Lewis Barney,
George Mills, Joseph Hancock, John W. Norton, Andrew Gibbons.
- Thirteenth 10: John Brown, captain;
Shadrach Roundy, Hans C. Hansen, Levi Jackman, Lyman Curtis, Matthew
Ivory, David Fowell, Hark Lay, Oscar Crosby.
- Fourteenth 10: Joseph Mathews, captain;
Gilbroid Summe, John Gleason, Charles Burke, Alexander Chesley,
Rodney Badger, Norman Taylor, Green Flake, Ellis Eames.
In addition, there were three women, the wives of Brigham Young,
Heber C. Kimball and Lorenzo Young, and Lorenzo's two children,
a grand total of 19 persons.
As can be seen, a company of 10 wasn't always made up of 10 persons.
Sometimes there were nine in a group and sometimes as many as 12.
No explanation was offered by the pioneers for these differences.
After getting organized and bidding goodbye to those returning
to Winter Quarters, the company moved out at 3 p.m., traveling just
three miles before halting for the night.
"The wind blew from the north, very cold," Egan wrote.
William Clayton shared a single blanket with Philo Johnson that
night, saying he "suffered much and took a very bad cold."
Days to Zion
© Copyright 1997 Big Moon Traders and Hal Knight. All rights
reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in
any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system, without permission in writing from the publisher. This
includes educational uses.