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Official Sesquicentennial K-12 Education Project
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Pioneer 1848-1868 Companies

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1864-1868: Immigration/Emigration to Utah-Ships and Companies


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 28 Liverpool Monarch of the Sea John Smith 974 New York
May 21 Liverpool Gen. McClellan Thos. E. Jeremy 802 New York
Jun 3 London Hudson John M. Kay 863 New York
Misc. Liverpool     58  

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Wyoming, Nebraska Jun 25 John D. Chase 85 Sep 20
Wyoming, Nebraska Jun 29 John R. Murdock 78 Aug 26 abt.
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 8 Wm. B. Preston 400 Sep 15
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 15 Jos. S. Rawlins 400 Sep 20
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul John Smith 150 Oct 1 abt.
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 19 Wm. S. Warren 400 Oct 4 abt.
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 27 Isaac A. Canfield 211 Oct 5 abt.
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 9 William Hyde 350 Oct 26
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug Warren S. Snow 400 Nov 2 abt.

Captain W. S. Warren telegraphed, on the 19th, from South Pass: "My train passed this point at 10 o'clock this morning. All well. Captain Canfield is probably near the South Pass."

Captain Rawlins" train arrived on the 20th of September in fine condition and passengers well.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 29 Liverpool Belle Wood Wm. H. Shearman 636 New York
May 8 Hamburg B.S. Kimball A.W. Winberg 558 New York
May 10 Liverpool D. Hoadley Wm. Underwood 24 New York
Misc. Liverpool     83 New York

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 31 Miner G. Atwood 400 Nov. 8
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 12 Henson Walker 200 Nov 9 abt.
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 12 Wm. W. Willis 200 Nov 29 abt.

The first company of this season's immigration left the frontiers on the 31st of July, composed of about 400 souls, mostly Scandinavian, with Elders M. G. Atwood, Captain; Charles B. Taylor, Assistant Captain; A. W. Winberg, Chaplain, and John Swenson, Commissary. This company was passed by Elder T. Taylor, on the Platte, about 150 miles this side of Nebraska, where it was getting along nicely. The second company, of about 200 souls started on the 12th of August with Elders Henson Walker, Captain and Robert Pixton, Chaplain. The third company, likewise of about 200 souls, also started on the 12th of August, Elders Win. W. Willis, Captain, and F. W. Cox, Chaplain. "These two companies are expected to travel together for protection to each other, and are mostly English with a few American families. Elders George Sims and Alfred Lee started in the last company with a mule team, but they calculate to overtake and pass the first company before it reaches this city."


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 30 Liverpool John Bright C.M. Gillett 747 New York
May 5 London Caroline S.H. Hill 389 New York
May 23 London Am. Congress John Nicholson 350 New York
May 25 Hamburg Kenilworth Sam L. Sprague 684 New York
May 30 Liverpool Arkwright J.C. Wixom 450 New York
May 30 London C. Grinnell R. Harrison 26 New York
Jun 1 Hamburg Cavour N. Nielsen 201 New York
Jun 2 Hamburg Humboldt Geo. M. Brown 328 New York
Jun 6 Liverpool St. Mark A. Stevens 104 New York
Miscellaneous       56  

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 6 Thomas E. Ricks 251 Sep 4
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 7 Samuel D. White 230 Sep 5
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 13 Wm. H. Chipman 375 Sep 15 abt.
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 19 John D. Holladay 350 Sep 25
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 4 Peter Nebeker 400 Sep 29
Wyoming, Nebraska Jul 25 Daniel Thompson 500 Sep 29
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 2 Daniel S. Rawlins 400 Oct 1
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 8 Andrew H. Scott 300 Oct 8
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug Horton D. Haight 20 Oct 15
Wyoming, Nebraska Aug 8 Abner Lowry 300 Oct 22

On Monday October 8, 1866, Captain Andrew H. Scott's ox train, which had started from Wyoming, Nebraska, August 8th, with forty-nine wagons and about three hundred immigrants, arrived at Great Salt Lake City. About thirty of the immigrants died on the journey.

Captain Horton D. Haight's train of sixty-five wagons, bringing the wire for the Deseret Telegraph Company, arrived in the Salt Lake City on Monday the 15th.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Jun 21 Liverpool Manhattan Arch N. Hill 482 New York
Misc. Liverpool     178 New York

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
North Platte Aug 8 Leonard G. Rice 500 October abt.

"The counsel which was also given at Conference, to the people to donate means to send for their poor co-religionists in England, came home to the minds of all present as timely and heaven-inspired. The Spirit bore testimony to it. From the feeling already manifested upon this subject we are justified in expecting a hearty response on the part of the Saints. The counsel should call forth a spirited effort. The object to be accomplished is worthy of the attention and exertions of a great people. It is but a few years since we ourselves came here, weary and destitute fugitives from oppression. Subsequent immigration has not added many rich men to our numbers. But we are united. In union we are rich. The emigration, therefore, of so large a number of poor people, as now await in England their deliverance from Babylon, would show to the world what can be accomplished by a united people under the guidance of wise leadership. Everyone, however humble and poor, can do something towards carrying this counsel into effect." -Deseret News, Nov. 20, 1867


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Jun 4 Liverpool John Bright James McGaw 722 New York
Jun 20 Liverpool Emerald Isle H. Jensen Hals 876 New York
Jun 24 Liverpool Constitution Harvey H. Cluff 457 New York
Jun 30 Liverpool Minnesota John Party 534 New York
Jul 14 Liverpool Colorado Wm. B. Preston 600 New York
Misc. Liverpool     43  

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Laramie, Wyoming Jul 25 Chester Loveland 400 Aug 20
Laramie, Wyoming Jul 25 Joseph S. Rawlins 300 Aug 20
Laramie, Wyoming Jul 27 John R. Murdock 600 Aug 19
Laramie, Wyoming Jul 27 Horton D. Haight 275 Aug 19 abt.
Laramie, Wyoming Aug 1 Wm. S. Seeley 272 Aug 29
Benton, Wyoming Aug 13 Simpson A. Molen 300 Sep 2
Benton, Wyoming Aug 14 D. D. McArthur 411 Sep 2
Benton, Wyoming Aug 24 John Gillespie 500 Sep 15
Benton, Wyoming Aug 31 John G. Holman 650 Sep 25 abt.
Benton, Wyoming Sep 1 E.T. Mumford 250 Sep 24

On Monday, February 17th, Hiram B. Clawson and William C. Staines, who had been appointed Church emigration agents this season, left Salt Lake City for the East, with $27,000 to be used for the gathering of the poor. This year about $70,000 was raised for the emigration of the poor Saints, mainly from Great Britain, an extra effort being made on the part of the Saints in Utah for that purpose.

A company of sixty-one immigrants, who had been left from some of the companies, in New York, because of sickness, arrived in Salt Lake City, in charge of Fred C. Anderson, having left New York October 3, 1868.

Emigration from the Islands of the Pacific

Miscellaneous Immigration From Non-European Countries
Addison Pratt and his companions answered a mission call to the South Sea Islands as early as 1843. When they reached their destination, they did manual labor in order to carry on the work of spreading the gospel among these people. The opening of the Australian Mission began October 30, 1851, when Elders John Murdock and Charles Wandell were called upon to carry the gospel message to that country. In 1854 it was decided by the Church authorities to open a mission in New Zealand, and from all these faraway countries came many converts eager to join with the body of the Church established in the Valley of the Great Salt Lake.

On June 16, 1852, the ship Calao sailed from Tahiti; June 2, 1852, the ship Harmony; November 24, 1852, the barque Abyssinia left Sydney Australia, all carrying Saints to the New World. April 6, 1853, a company of thirty converts with Elder Wandell in charge sailed on the ship Envelope; the Julia Ann sailed March 22, 1854 from New Castle with sixty-three souls aboard under the direction of William Hyde; April 27, 1855, a company numbering seventy-two sailed from Melbourne, Australia on the brig Tarquenia; the Julia Ann made another voyage September 7, 1855, dashed against a coral reef with a loss of five adults and three children; May 28, 1856, the Jenny Ford sailed from Sydney with a company of emigrating Saints under Augustus Farnham; June 27, 1857, the American ship Lucas, sailed from Sydney with sixty-nine Saints, Elder William Madison Wall, president; September 14, 1857, a company of Saints bound for Utah left Sydney with Joseph A. Kelting in charge; January 1, 1859, about thirty converts sailed from Sydney on the ship Milwaukee, Elder S. Johnson, supervising, and on October 17, 1865, the barque Albert sailed from Melbourne for San Francisco with a small company in charge of Elder J. D. Spencer. Missionary labors continued in the South Sea Islands, Australia, and New Zealand, and many more converts, during the next few years, made their way to Utah by sea and land. Emigration from South Africa

The greater number of people who accepted the teachings of the Mormon elders in the Union of South Africa were members of families who went there at the time England offered land grants to new settlers. Since it was the plan of the Church to send missionaries to every land, Jesse Haven, Leonard I. Smith and William Walker were called to perform a mission to South Africa, at a conference held in Salt Lake City, August 28, 1852. Traveling by way of England they arrived at Cape Town, April 19, 1853, and at once began proselyting among the white settlers. On June 15, 1853, Henry Stringer of Mowbray, was baptized, the first fruit of their labor. A branch of the Church was organized at Mowbray, August 16, 1853; in September another branch at Newlands, and January 23, 1854, a branch at Beaufort. These branches were known as the Cape Conference. Later other branches were organized in this mission.

The first ship, the Unity, left South Africa November 27, 1855, with fifteen emigrating Saints under the supervision of Elders Walker and Smith, for their final destination, Utah. During the next few years other converts sailed on the Alacrity, Mexicano, Race Horse, Henry Ellis, Susan Pardeux and probably others. Some went by way of England, while others came directly to the east coast of the United States. Still others sailed to Australia, thence to San Francisco, proceeding from there to the headquarters of the Church in Salt Lake City.

Each succeeding year brought further immigration which necesitated further colonization throughout Utah and the adjoining states. The pioneer soon learned to meet existing conditions with courage. They knew land which could produce sagebrush and sunflowers also gave promise that crops would mature and there were canyon streams to bring in the life-giving water. The homes they built were humble but they meant security. Public buildings, sawmills, grist mills and manufacturing plants were erected. Churches and schools were established, for there had always been a great desire in the hearts of the Mormon people to give their children educational as well as spiritual guidance.

Those men and women, many with children, coming from other lands and aiming for a home in the far west, were conscious of the many changes that would take place in their way of living. The majority looked forward without fear-the weak turned back while the strong went on-hoping. They believed with Bailey who said: "Walk boldly and wisely-there is a hand above that will help thee on."

Source: Our Pioneer Heritage © Carter, Kate B., ed. 20 vols. Salt Lake City: International Society, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1958-1977. All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the publisher. Documents and images are exerpted by permission from the LDS Family History Suite CDROM from Ancestry.