Heritage Gateways

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Pioneer 1848-1868 Companies

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1858 -1863: Immigration/Emigration to Utah—Ships and Companies


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Jan 21 Liverpool Underwriter Henry Harriman 25 New York
Feb 17 Liverpool Empire Jesse Hobson 64 New York
Mar 22 Liverpool John Bright Iver N. Iverson 90 Misc.
  Liverpool Misc.   50 New York

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Iowa City, Iowa Jun 8 Horace S. Eldredge 39 Jul 9
Iowa City, Iowa Jun 9 Russell K. Homer 60 Oct 6
Florence, Nebraska Jul Iver N. Iverson 90 Sep 20

Emigration from the European countries was relatively small during 1858, because of the continuance of unsettled conditions in the territory, brought about by the presence of Johnston's army in their midst. Four chartered vessels sailed from Liverpool carrying two-hundred and twenty-nine converts, while only three organized companies, totalling one hundred and eighty-nine Saints, made the journey from the eastern states to the Valley. The Civil War was being agitated and rumors of an impending conflict between the North and the South added still another hazard to traveling across the plains. With the companies were missionaries, some from Europe. Canada, and the eastern states, as well as the Islands of the Sea who had been called from their various fields of labor to aid in the defense of their homes. This was the year of the Move South, and the long awaited adjustment of difficulties between the Church leaders, the citizenry of Utah, and the United States government.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 11 Liverpool Wm. Tappscott Robert Neslen 725 New York
Jul 10 Liverpool Antarctic Jas. Chaplow 30 New York
Aug 20 Liverpool Emerald Isle Henry Hug 54 New York

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Florence, Nebraska Jun 9 *George Rowley 225 Sep 4
Florence, Nebraska Jun 13 James Brown, III 387 Aug 29
Florence, Nebraska Jun Horton D. Haight 154 Sep 1
Florence, Nebraska Jun 28 Robert F. Neslen 380 Sep 15
Florence, Nebraska Jun 26 Edward Stevenson 285 Sep 16

*Handcart Companies As soon as peace had been restored in Utah Territory following the Johnston army episode and local affairs began to assume normal conditions, the edict against emigration of European Saints to the Valley was recalled and instructions were sent out that the way was again open for the "gathering of Israel." Late in the summer of 1858, President Young wrote Elder Asa Calkin, president of the European Mission, that considerable emigration to the valley was expected in 1859, although it was not the intention of the Church authorities to operate through the Perpetual Emigrating Fund. The President announced that the Church would establish its business agency in Chicago, instead of St. Louis, and that perhaps another agency would be opened in Iowa. This change was done with a view of escaping dangers of fevers and epidemics generally so prevalent in the more southern latitudes.

The reopening of emigration was hailed with delight by the European Saints, but as most of them were poor only eight hundred and nine sailed for America that year. Of these fifty-four were P. E. Fund emigrants, who, together with one hundred and ninety-six others, expected to cross the plains with handcarts that season; one hundred and forty-nine were to make the overland journey with teams. The remainder intended to stop in the states temporarily, not having the means to go on to Utah; but through the kindness of fellow passengers, in better financial condition, many more were enabled to reach the valley in 1859.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Mar 30 Liverpool Underwriter James D. Ross 594 New York
May 11 Liverpool Wm. Tappscott Asa Calkin 731 New York
Misc. Liverpool   Misc. 84 New York

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Florence, Nebraska Jun 6 *Daniel Robinson 235 Aug 27
Florence, Nebraska Jul 6 *Oscar O. Stoddard 126 Sep 24
Florence, Nebraska May 30 Warren Walling 160 Aug 9
Florence, Nebraska Jun 17 James D. Ross 249 Sep 3
Florence, Nebraska Jun 19 Jesse Murphy 279 Aug 30
Florence, Nebraska Jun 15 John Smith 359 Sep 1
Florence, Nebraska Jul 20 William Budge 400 Oct 5
Florence, Nebraska Jul 3 John Taylor 123 Sep 17
Florence, Nebraska Jul 23 Joseph W. Young 100 Oct 3
Florence, Nebraska Jun Franklin Brown 60 Aug 27 abt.

*Handcart Companies

On October 6, 1860, Brigham Young addressed the Saints in the Tabernacle: "The handcart system has been pretty well tried; and if the handcart companies start in proper season and manage properly, I will venture to say that most of them can come in that way more pleasantly than they generally come with wagons. But drawing their provisions, etc., is a hard task, and it would be more satisfactory if we could manage it, to bring in wagons the freight and those who are unable to walk. We now contemplate trying another plan. If we can go with our teams to the Missouri River and back in one season, and bring the poor, their provisions, etc., it will save about half the cash we now expend bringing the Saints to this point from Europe. It now costs, in cash, nearly as much as their teams, wagons, handcarts, cooking utensils, provisions, etc., for their journey across the plains as it does to transport them to the frontiers. We can raise cattle without an outlay of money and use them in transporting the Saints from the frontiers and such freight as we may require. Brethren and sisters, save your fives, tens, fifties, a hundred dollars, or as much as you can until next spring—and send your money, your cattle and wagons to the states, and buy your goods and freight with them. Twenty dollars expended in this way will do as much good as several times that amount paid to the stores here..." In 1860 the handcart period in Utah's history was brought to a close. There were now nearly sixty thousand Saints in the valley and nearly every one had acquired a home, land, livestock and poultry.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 16 Liverpool Manchester C.V. Spencer 380 New York
Apr 23 Liverpool Underwriter Milo Andrus 624 New York
May 16 Liverpool Monarch of the Sea Jabez Woodard 955 New York

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Florence, Nebraska May 29 David H. Cannon 225 Aug 16
Florence, Nebraska Jun 7 Job Pingree 150 Aug 2
Florence, Nebraska Jun 20 Peter Ranck 100 Sep 8
Florence, Nebraska Jun 25 Homer Duncan 258 Sep 13
Florence, Nebraska Jun 30 Ira Eldredge 300 Aug 22
Florence, Nebraska Jul Milo Andrus 620 Sep 12
Florence, Nebraska Jul Thomas Woolley 150 Sep 17
Florence, Nebraska Jul 9 Joseph Home 350 Sep 13
Florence, Nebraska Jul 13 Samuel A. Woolley 338 Sep 22
Florence, Nebraska Jul John R. Murdock 500 Sep 12
Florence, Nebraska Jul 11 Joseph W. Young 300 Sep 23
Florence, Nebraska July 16 Sixtus E. Johnson 200 Sep 27

Several independent companies came this year.

With the realization of an imminent conflict between the North and the South, President Brigham Young immediately made plans for bringing to Utah the many Saints who had crossed the ocean in 1861, and those who through lack of funds, were waiting in the East. The preceding spring Joseph W. Young had been sent to the Missouri River for the purpose of bringing both converts and needed supplies to the valley in the same season. The success of the Church train experiment of the previous year was pointed to as justifying the expectation that such a plan was practicable. In addition to the four yoke of cattle to the wagon, the plan also included the sending of as many loose oxen to Florence as the year's immigration that came independent of Church aid might want to purchase for their outfit; thus supplying for the people of Utah a market for their surplus cattle and a saving for the Church members from ten to thirty thousand dollars, which had hitherto been paid out yearly in cash for cattle and wagons. Moreover, the arrangement afforded the opportunity of shipping eastward such products as the community had to dispose of, mostly surplus cattle that could be driven down loose with the ox trains, and the provisions of flour and meat that could be sent for the use of the immigrants, and deposited along the line of travel, to be picked up en route when returning. Full instructions were given in the circular sent out by the presidency and nothing essential to the security and efficiency of the trains was overlooked.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 9 Hamburg Humboldt H.C. Hansen 323 New York
Apr 15 Hamburg Franklin Chas. A. Madsen 413 New York
Apr 18 Hamburg Electric S. Christoffersen 336 New York
Apr 23 Liverpool John J. Boyd J.S. Brown 701 New York
Apr 25 Hamburg Athenia O.N. Liljenquist 484 New York
May 6 Liverpool Manchester J.D.T. McAllister 376 New York
May 14 Liverpool Wm. Tappscott Wm. Gibson 808 New York
May 15 Havre Windermere S.L. Ballif 110 New York
May 18 Liverpool Antarctic W.C. Moody 38 New York
Misc. Liverpool     8  

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Florence, Nebraska Jun 17 Lewis Brunson 212 Aug 29
Florence, Nebraska Jul Jas. Wareham 250 Sep 26
Florence, Nebraska Jul 14 C.A. Madsen 264 Sep 23
Florence, Nebraska Jul 14 O.N. Liljenquist 250 Sep 23
Florence, Nebraska Jul 22 Homer Duncan 500 Sep 24
Florence, Nebraska Jul 28 John R. Murdock 700 October
Florence, Nebraska Jul 28 James S. Brown 200 Oct 2
Florence, Nebraska Jul 29 Joseph Horne 570 Oct 1
Florence, Nebraska Jul 30 Isaac Canfield 125 Oct 16 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug Ansel P. Harmon 500 Oct 5 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug 8 Henry W. Miller 665 Oct 17 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug Horton D. Haight 650 Oct 19 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug 14 William H. Dame 150 Oct 29

In this year's emigration of nearly six thousand men; women, and children who had accepted the teachings of the Latter-day Saint missionaries in their respective lands, were converts from the British Isles, the Scandinavian countries, Switzerland and Germany. Others from the eastern states also joined the great emigration westward. The Civil War was in progress and the demand for every mode of transportation and needed supplies was continually increasing, especially in Florence, Nebraska, one of the bustling frontier towns. The arrival and departure of organized companies, under the direction of the Church, starting across the plains added to the problem. Some of the Saints were financially able to make the trip through to the valley while others were aided wholly or partially by the Perpetual Emigrating Fund. Upon their arrival in Utah the emigrants received temporary care in the homes of relatives and friends until they were settled in places of their own. Each of the incoming companies strengthened and extended the settlements within Utah's vast territory.


Sailed Port Ship Leader People Landed
Apr 30 Liverpool John J. Boyd Wm. W. Cluff 763 New York
May 8 Liverpool B.S. Kimball H. P. Lund 654 New York
May 8 Liverpool Consignment A. Christensen 38 New York
May 23 Liverpool Antarctic J. Needham 483 New York
May 30 Liverpool Cynosure D.M. Stuart 754 New York
Jun 4 London Amazon Win. Brainall 882 New York
Miscellaneous       72  

Departure Date Captain People Arrival
Florence, Nebraska Jun 29 John R. Murdock 275 Aug 29
Florence, Nebraska Jun 6 John F. Sanders 250 Sep 5 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Jun 30 A.H. Patterson 200 Sep 4
Florence, Nebraska Jul 6 John R. Young 200 Sep 12 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Jul 9 Wm. B. Preston 300 Sep 10
Florence, Nebraska Jul 25 Peter Nebeker 500 Sep 25
Florence, Nebraska Aug 6 Daniel D. McArthur 500 Oct 3
Florence, Nebraska Aug 6 Horton D. Haight 200 Oct 4 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug 9 John W. Woolley 200 Oct 4
Florence, Nebraska Aug 10 Thomas E. Ricks 400 Oct 4 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug 11 Rosel Hyde 300 Oct 13 abt.
Florence, Nebraska Aug 14 Samuel D. White 300 Oct 15 abt.

Captain Patterson's company, independent as called in contradistinction to the Church trains, arrived Friday, the 4th inst., in the afternoon, on the Public Square 8th Ward, and on Saturday, about the same time in the day, Captain Sanders" company, Church train arrived. The cattle in both trains were quite poor, indicating that they had seen hard times in crossing the plains.

Source: Our Pioneer Heritage © Carter, Kate B., ed. 20 vols. Salt Lake City: International Society, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1958-1977. All rights reserved. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the publisher. Documents and images are exerpted by permission from the LDS Family History Suite CDROM from Ancestry.